AskDefine | Define jump

Dictionary Definition



1 a sudden and decisive increase; "a jump in attendance" [syn: leap]
2 an abrupt transition; "a successful leap from college to the major leagues" [syn: leap, saltation]
3 (film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another
4 a sudden involuntary movement; "he awoke with a start" [syn: startle, start]
5 descent with a parachute; "he had done a lot of parachuting in the army" [syn: parachuting]
6 the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground; "he advanced in a series of jumps"; "the jumping was unexpected" [syn: jumping]


1 move forward by leaps and bounds; "The horse bounded across the meadow"; "The child leapt across the puddle"; "Can you jump over the fence?" [syn: leap, bound, spring]
2 move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm; "She startled when I walked into the room" [syn: startle, start]
3 make a sudden physical attack on; "The muggers jumped the woman in the fur coat"
4 increase suddenly and significantly; "Prices jumped overnight"
5 be highly noticeable [syn: leap out, jump out, stand out, stick out]
6 enter eagerly into; "He jumped into the game"
7 rise in rank or status; "Her new novel jumped high on the bestseller list" [syn: rise, climb up]
8 run off or leave the rails; "the train derailed because a cow was standing on the tracks" [syn: derail]
9 jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute [syn: parachute]
10 cause to jump or leap; "the trainer jumped the tiger through the hoop" [syn: leap]
11 start a car engine whose battery by connecting it to another car's battery [syn: jumpstart, jump-start]
12 bypass; "He skipped a row in the text and so the sentence was incomprehensible" [syn: pass over, skip, skip over]
13 pass abruptly from one state or topic to another; "leap into fame"; "jump to a conclusion" [syn: leap]
14 go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions [syn: alternate]

User Contributed Dictionary



  • , /dʒʌmp/, /dZVmp/


  1. To propel oneself rapidly upward such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.
    The boy jumped over a fence.
  2. To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.
  3. To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  4. To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.
  5. To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.
    The player's knight jumped the opponent's bishop.
  6. To move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward.
  7. To attack suddenly and violently.
    The hoodlum jumped a woman in the alley.
  8. To force to jump.
    The rider jumped the horse over the fence.
propel oneself rapidly upward such that momentum causes the body to become airborne
cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward
employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location
react to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body violently
employ a move in certain board games in which one piece moves over another
move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward


  1. An instance of propelling oneself into the air.
  2. An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.
  3. An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  4. An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
  5. A jumping move in a board game.
  6. In the context of "sports|horses": An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.


Derived terms


instance of propelling oneself into the air
  • Czech: skok
  • Danish: spring, hop
  • Dutch: sprong
  • Finnish: hyppy
  • French: saut
  • Italian: salto
  • Kurdish: باز
  • Norwegian: hopp, sprang,
  • Russian: прыжок, скачок
  • Slovene: skok
instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location
  • Danish: spring, hop
  • Dutch: sprong
  • Finnish: hyppy
  • French: saut
  • Italian: salto
  • Norwegian: hopp, sprang,
  • Russian: прыжок
  • Slovene: skok
instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location
  • Danish: spring
  • Dutch: sprong
  • Finnish: hyppy
  • Norwegian: hopp, sprang,
  • Russian: прыжок
  • Slovene: skok
instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body
jumping move in a board game
  • Danish: spring
  • Dutch: sprong
  • Finnish: hyppy
  • Norwegian: sprang
  • Russian: прыжок
  • Slovene: preskok




  1. "Thus twice before, and jump at this dead hour,
    With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch."'' - Marcellus, in "Hamlet" by William Shakespeare, act 1 scene 1, l 64-65

Extensive Definition

Jump may refer to:
  • Jumping, the act of propelling oneself upwards, using one's own power, into the air
  • A tool redirecting horizontal velocity into vertical, e.g. a quarter pipe
  • Jumping, abandoning or leaving, especially hastily or furtively
  • A jump start - a colloquial term for a method of starting an automobile with a dead battery.
  • Jump Associates, a design strategy firm based in San Mateo, California
  • Jump, South Yorkshire, a village in the metropolitan borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England
  • Weekly Shonen Jump, a manga magazine also known as Shonen Jump
  • A computer programming language instruction denoting an unconditional branch.
  • Jump, a 1999 film
  • Jump In!, a Disney Channel Original Movie
  • Jump (Alliance-Union universe), a fictional faster-than-light technology used in the Alliance-Union universe
  • Jump, an Israeli clothing/fashion company.
  • Jump!, a 1987 computer game for Commodore 64 by Loadstar
  • Jump, a term in some blog entries ("More after the jump"), indicating a break (usually an advertisement), with the text continued below it
  • Jumps is a frog from Beanie Babies 2.0
  • Jump, A game made by 2SoulDesign for the iRiver
  • Jump drive, one of the speculative inventions in science fiction, a method of traveling faster than light
  • JumpDrive, a common name for a USB flash drive
  • Russel Jump, American politician
  • JUMP - Java Metamodel Protocol, a metadata language for profiling data
  • an obstacle in steeplechase, point to point, or hunter hack horse racing


Jump is also the name of several songs and/or album:
jump in German: Jump
jump in Spanish: Jump
jump in Dutch: Jump
jump in Japanese: ジャンプ
jump in Polish: Jump
jump in Swedish: Jump

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Highland fling, abandon, abscond, absquatulate, accept, access, accession, accretion, accrual, accruement, accumulation, addition, advance, advantage, aggrandizement, airlift, amble, ambush, amplification, anabasis, and jump, appreciation, ascension, ascent, assail, assault, attack, augmentation, avoid, bail out, ballooning, barge, barricade, be startled, beat a retreat, blitz, bloating, bob, bobble, boggle, bolt, boom, boost, bounce, bound, bowl along, breach, break, break away, break jail, break loose, broad jump, broadening, buck, buckjump, buildup, bulge, bump, bundle, bushwhack, bypass, caesura, caper, capriole, catch, catch at, cavort, chatter, clamber, clear, clear out, clearance, climb, climbing, clop, clump, coign of vantage, come at, come down on, crack down on, crescendo, curvet, cut, cut and run, cut loose, decamp, demivolt, depart, descend on, descend upon, desert, desire, development, didder, discontinuity, disregard, distance between, double space, drag, draw first blood, drop, edema, edge, elevation, elope, em space, en space, enlargement, escalade, escalate, escalation, escape, escape prison, evade, expansion, extension, fall on, fall upon, falter, fasten upon, fence, fight shy, flee, flight, flinch, flood, flounce, fly, fly the coop, flying jump, flying start, foot, footfall, footslog, footstep, fountain, freeboard, fugitate, gain, galliard, gambol, gang up on, gap, gelandesprung, get away, get clear of, get free, get out, get out of, gloss over, go AWOL, go at, go for, goldbrick, goof off, grab, grab at, grand jete, greatening, growth, gush, gyring up, hair space, half space, halt, handspring, harry, have an ague, have at, head start, hiatus, high jump, hike, hippety-hop, hit, hit like lightning, hitch, hobble, hole, hoofbeat, hop, hurdle, hustle, ignore, increase, increment, inflation, inside track, interim, intermediate space, interruption, interspace, interstice, interval, jack up, jactitate, jar, jerk, jet, jete, jib, jig, jog, joggle, jolt, jostle, jounce, jump a mile, jump at, jump bail, jump on, jump over, jump shot, jump turn, jump-hop, jump-off, lacuna, land on, lavolta, lay about one, lay at, lay hands on, lay into, lay on, leap, leap over, leapfrog, leave, leave loose ends, leave out, leave undone, leeway, let alone, let be, let dangle, let go, levant, levitation, light into, limp, long jump, lop, lumber, lunge, lurch, make a getaway, make off, make war on, malinger, margin, mince, miss, morris, mount, mounting, move, mug, multiplication, negotiate, obstacle, obstruction, odds, omit, overjump, overleap, overlook, overskip, pace, paddle, panic, parachute, pass, pass by, pass over, pass up, peg, piaffe, piaffer, pitch into, plod, pole vault, pounce, pounce on, pounce upon, pound, prance, pretermit, procrastinate, productiveness, proliferation, put up, quake, quaver, quiver, rack, rail, raise, rebuke, recoil, reprimand, rift, rise, rising, rocketing up, roll, room, run, run away, run away from, run away with, run for it, run off, running broad jump, running high jump, running start, sail into, saltation, sashay, saunter, saut de basque, scramble for, scuff, scuffle, scuttle, seize on, set on, set upon, shake, shamble, shirk, shiver, shock, shooting up, show the heels, shudder, shuffle, shy, sidle, single space, single-foot, skedaddle, ski jump, skip, skip out, skip over, sky-dive, slack, slink, slip the cable, slip the collar, slither, slog, slouch, snap at, snatch, snatch at, snowballing, soaring, solo, something extra, something in reserve, space, space between, spasm, spout, spread, spring, spring upon, spurt, square up, stagger, stalk, stamp, stampede, start, start aside, start up, startle, steeplechase, step, stomp, straddle, straggle, stride, strike, stroll, strut, stump, surge, surprise, swagger, swelling, swing, swoop down on, swoop down upon, take French leave, take flight, take the offensive, take to flight, take wing, takeoff, taking off, test flight, time interval, tittup, toddle, totter, tour jete, traipse, tread, tremble, trifle, trip, trudge, tumescence, turn tail, twitch, twitter, up, upclimb, upcoming, updive, updraft, upgang, upgo, upgoing, upgrade, upgrowth, uphill, upleap, uplift, upper hand, upping, uprisal, uprise, uprising, uprush, upshoot, upslope, upspring, upsurge, upsurgence, upsweep, upswing, uptrend, upturn, vantage, vantage ground, vantage point, vault, vibrate, waddle, wade into, wamble, waxing, whip hand, widening, wiggle, wince, wobble, zooming
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